Good neighborhoods have good schools and bad, poor neighborhoods have bad schools. This has been true for many years and will continue to be true as long as the quality of schools is dependent on the property taxes generated from local property. I believe that the clamor for reform and charter schools is an effort to generate private profits from the massive amount of money that we as a society devote to education. If you doubt the amount of money involved, just look at your annual property tax statement. Property taxes here in Utah are relatively low because Utah devotes relatively little to education compared to other states.
Another factor involved in education reform is the effort to break teachers’ unions. Republicans hate unions because unions raise costs due to negotiating decent wages for workers. Republicans are against decent wages for the 99%, supporting only excessive salaries for the 1%. Unions and union members tend to support Democrats and that is another reason they are hated by the GOP.