Sweden has decided to move to the six-hour workday. Is that a good idea? I think that it is, especially if a society is wealthy enough to provide enough goods and services for all to live adequately well. Then it becomes a trade-off between leisure and material well-being. Historically, people want more leisure to do other activities rather than work. Factories in England at the dawn of the industrial age compelled workers to work 12-14 hour days, six days a week. It was not that long ago that unions in the US were striking in support of an eight-hour day. Now Sweden is pioneering the six-hour work-day. I wish them well and hope that the US will follow someday soon.
The 24-hour work-day is now divided into three 8-hour shifts or two 12-hour shifts. If the 6-hour work-day is established, then the 24-hour work-day will be divided into four 6-hour shifts, three 8-hour shifts or two 12-hour shifts in industries such as healthcare or policing that require around the clock coverage. That will mean more job opportunities, rather than fewer.